Indoor plants are a source of increasing beauty at enclosed places like within homes, offices and other buildings. Wherever we see the plants even if they are not the flowering ones the greenery seems good to eyes and generally provide with an effect of freshness. There are numerous potting mixes available commercially and easily that cater to the needs and demands of great range of plants but there are sometimes need when you have to formulate your potting soil yourself if growing some specialty plant. The soil will then be made according to the requirements of the plant and all the factors like increase or decrease in moisture retentiveness, manipulation of pH and other nutrients adjusted according to specific plant. Germinating mix can also be created for seeds, transplant and cutting at homes.
1. Sterilized loam soil is the first thing to be bought either from garden stores or nurseries. You can also find this as the name of garden soil or top soil in general. It is better to opt for the bagged product.
2. If you are taking the soil from your backyard instead of any garden store or nursery than you will definitely need to sterilize it and that can be done at home too if you have an oven. You will have to preheat your oven at 250 degree Fahrenheit. Now spread the moist soil on heatproof pan and cover it with foil. Check the temperature of the soil twice or thrice with the food thermometer as it should remain at 180 degree Fahrenheit for at least 30 minutes for sterilization. During this process all the weed seeds and soil viruses will be killed.
Water & Ventilation Planning:
1. Peat moss is best to be used for increasing the aeration of soil and to improve the soil’s capability of holding water. Peat moss should be moistened properly before it is to be mixed in other ingredients.
2. If you want to improve the drainage of your soil add coarse builder’s sand to your mix. The sand is inexpensive but heavy and does not help in improvement of sand water retention capability. Always keep one thing in mind never use sand with clay soils. So be sure about the soil you collected from your backyard that to what type it actually belongs.
1. To prepare your mix at the first stage mix up the equal parts of your soil, peat moss, perlite and vermiculite.
2. Now comes the turn of adjusting the texture of your mix; if it feels like sticky add some amount of sand and peat moss to it. If mixture is too coarse to grainy than you will need to add peat moss more into the mix.
3. If you want to make a mix for seeds than make a soilless mixture by adding equal parts of peat moss, vermiculite and perlite. This lightweight mix helps seeds to germinate quickly and develop roots faster too.