Ikebana has its roots way backed to the sixth century. Ikebana is the Japanese art of flower arranging. It is derived from two Japanese words IKE that means pond and HANA that means flower so it makes it pond flower. So basically it is an art of arranging flowers in water. It evolved from the simple act of Buddhist offering flowers to altars. The Buddhist were said to be the pioneers of Ikebana. Ikebana emphasizes most on measurement, the scale of floral arrangement. The aim behind Ikebana is to bring nature indoors and make it live through the floral arrangement prepared. Just like other Japanese art form, Ikebana utilizes simplicity and plainness. It is based on a scalene triangle where three points denote heaven, earth and man or may be sun, moon, and earth. The container is a critical component of any Ikebana arrangement. Ikebana forces on the stems, leave, and lean to give importance on shape, line and form. Although Ikebana is an art or a creative expression, yet it has certain rules to follow. All the concentration is paid to message or purpose that the artist is trying to convey which is expressed through the flower arrangement’s natural shapes, and graceful lines.
The basic original school of Ikebana is divided into three styles; the Shin, the Gyo and the So.
The Shin: This is the formal style that involves an erect linear arrangement in a bronze container, arranged on a carved teakwood stand.
The Gyo: Gyo or in other words semi-formal school style. This school features flowing, sweeping lines and the using different types of containers.
The So: The third or informal school style is about displaying flowers in bamboo vases, baskets and natural wood containers as well as in pottery. The flowers are accommodated on bases of bamboo or natural wood that is used.
All the later styles of Ikebana were derived out of these three basic schools of Ikebana form of floral arrangements.