The growth of a perfect bonsai tree entirely depends upon how much do you know about the plant care of these miniatures. In fact, to grow and care for a bonsai tree is quite easy. The plant care is almost as same as for the normal plants. A little difference is that they require a bit more pruning and more care while watering them.
Watering is the most crucial part of bonsai care. Quantity of water may differ for different species. However, the most important issue is that the soil should never dry out completely. For this, a regular watering is essentially required. General idea is to water them when the surface soil appears dry.
However, a scheduled daily watering may not be a wise approach. For example, evergreens require just once in a week watering in winter whereas the same plants require everyday watering in summer. As there is considerably less soil for bonsai trees; the watering should be complete.
The water content can be observed very easily by
• Observing the leaves,
• Testing the soil just below the surface (by using index finger),
• By feeling the weight of the pot (there is always a significant difference between a dry tree and a well-watered tree).
• With the help of an instrument, called moisture meter. Its function is quite simple- the way the needle moves after being inserted into the soil will tell you if it is time to water the plant.
A newly bought bonsai does not require pruning. The major purpose of
g is to achieve a desired shape of your bonsai tree. Other purpose is to maintain a balance between the growth above the surface and the growth below the surface i.e. roots growth.
Shaping process starts when the tree is young. Sharp scissors or bonsai shears (a traditional tool, used mainly for removing leaves and light branches) are commonly used for trimming. Another tool, the concave cutter, is used to remove heavier branches. This tool removes the branches of all sizes without leaving any scars.
Sunlight is vital for the growth of bonsais. A bonsai tree should be kept at a place where there is plenty of sunlight available. A window is usually considered as an ideal place. However, in certain cases for example after extensive trimming, it is better not to expose the plant to much sunlight.
Generally, a soil that is always wet is not considered good for potted plants’ growth. But bonsai soil is unique. It allows water to drain freely as well as retains moisture at the same time. Moreover, the ingredients make possible for the roots to breathe air and prevent getting compacted.
There are two basic types of bonsai soil:
Conifer mix soil
Tropical/subtropical mix soil
Use dry soil mixture while repotting.
Before adding soil mixtures, block the drainage holes in order to avoid any soil lost.
Fertilizers should be provided on regular basis. Usually, a half yearly fertilization is considered good enough for bonsai growth. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potash are the vital components for any bonsai fertilizers.